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USDA Washington & Oregon Hay                       02/24 13:16
ML_GR310                                                 
Moses Lake, WA    Fri Feb 21, 2020    USDA Market News 

Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report 

Tons:  2275    Last Week:  2300    Last Year:  1800                   

   Compared last Friday, All grades of Alfalfa and Timothy steady in a light 
test. Trade slow this week and expected to stay slow till new crop. Demand 
remains 
moderate. Feed store/retail steady. All prices are dollars per ton and FOB the 
farm 
or ranch unless otherwise stated. Delivered prices include freight, commissions 
and 
other expenses. Forage Products leaving the Seattle-Tacoma port for 2019 
totaled 
148,744 containers. Cereal straw & husks for the same period totaled 18,920 
containers.

                             Tons      Price     Wt. Avg    Comments
  Alfalfa                                                                 
    Mid Square                                                            
      Premium                 300 200.00-200.00 200.00     Tarped         
      Fair/Good               300 160.00-170.00 165.00     Tarped         
      Fair                    125 185.00-185.00 185.00 Del Bottom Bales   

  Alfalfa                                                                 
    Small Square                                                          
      Premium                 225 240.00-240.00 240.00     Retail/Stable  

  Alfalfa/Orchard Mix                                                     
    Small Square                                                          
      Premium                 125 260.00-260.00 260.00     Retail/Stable  

  Timothy Grass                                                           
    Mid Square                                                            
      Good/Premium            700 150.00-150.00 150.00     Export         
      Fair/Good               500 130.00-130.00 130.00     Export         

  Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 
10% 
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.                    
                                                                                
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%              
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22                
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22               
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20               
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18               
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16                
                                                                                
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the         
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Value.  Values based on 100 pct. dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price 
or 
value more than testing results. 

   ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = 
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and 
Seller negotiates a transaction.
 
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
 
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
                                                      
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343 MosesLake.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov
        www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/ML_GR310.txt
        http://www.ams.usda.gov/market-news/livestock-poultry-grain
        greg.sanders2@usda.gov
                  
0900p   gds    rlc

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