USDA Washington & Oregon Hay 02/24 13:16
Moses Lake, WA Fri Feb 21, 2020 USDA Market News
Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report
Tons: 2275 Last Week: 2300 Last Year: 1800
Compared last Friday, All grades of Alfalfa and Timothy steady in a light
test. Trade slow this week and expected to stay slow till new crop. Demand
moderate. Feed store/retail steady. All prices are dollars per ton and FOB the
or ranch unless otherwise stated. Delivered prices include freight, commissions
other expenses. Forage Products leaving the Seattle-Tacoma port for 2019
148,744 containers. Cereal straw & husks for the same period totaled 18,920
Tons Price Wt. Avg Comments
Premium 300 200.00-200.00 200.00 Tarped
Fair/Good 300 160.00-170.00 165.00 Tarped
Fair 125 185.00-185.00 185.00 Del Bottom Bales
Premium 225 240.00-240.00 240.00 Retail/Stable
Premium 125 260.00-260.00 260.00 Retail/Stable
Good/Premium 700 150.00-150.00 150.00 Export
Fair/Good 500 130.00-130.00 130.00 Export
Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.
ADF NDF RFV TDN-100% TDN-90% CP-100%
Supreme <27 <34 >185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44 <130 <56 <50.5 <16
RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula. TDN calculated using the
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
Value. Values based on 100 pct. dry matter. End usage may influence hay price
value more than testing results.
ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV =
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients.
Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Utility Under 5
Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and
Seller negotiates a transaction.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.
Hay is excellent color and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
a high nutritive content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in
grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally
coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
weed content or mold.
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.
Greg Sanders 509-393-1343 MosesLake.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov
0900p gds rlc
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